Chihuahua Dog Breed Information

  • AKA:n/a
  • Size:Small
  • Ease of Training:Low
  • Grooming:Low
  • Shedding:Medium
  • Exercise Needed:Occasional walk
  • Energy Level:Medium
  • Protection:High, alert and will bark at strangers
  • Good with Children:Yes, with gentle, older children
  • Health Clearances:OFA, CERF
  • Weight:6 lbs
  • Height:6-9 inches
  • Coat Colour:Any

Chihuahua Coat

The Chihuahua coat comes in two varieties: The Smooth and Long coat. The Smooth coat has a glossy, soft, and close coat which is full textured over the entire body, but quite scanty on the head and ears. The Long coat has a soft, longer coat that can be slightly curly or flat. This variety does have an under-coat. Either coat type comes in a variety of colours such as fawn, brown, black, and white. The coat may be solid in colour, marked with splashes of colour, or tri-colour. They are an average shedder.

Chihuahua Character

The Chihuahua is a very individualistic breed. They each have their own unique personality, so only a few generalizations can be made. They are commonly referred to as a "Chi". They are energetic, graceful, and display a human-like expression. Their life span is the longest of any size dog.

Chihuahua Temperament

The Chihuahua is deeply devoted and fiercely loyal. They typically become extremely attached to one or two people. They are bold, fearless, and highly protective of their masters. They thrive on inordinate amounts of attention. The Chihuahua is by nature gentle, loving, and sweet-tempered. They are wary of strangers and make excellent watchdogs. This breed is not well suited for children or other pets. However, they are sociable with their own kind. Chihuahuas are excellent companions in the right circumstances.

Chihuahua Care

The Chihuahua requires minimal grooming. The Smooth coat variety requires only occasional brushing. The Long coat variety should be brushed several times a week with a soft bristle brush. Both varieties only need bathing once a month using a mild shampoo. Special care must be given to not get water into their ears as they are prone to ear infections. Dental hygiene is a must to prevent tooth loss. The health issues that affect this breed include slipped stifles, open font or soft spot, eye problems, and heart disease. The Chihuahua does not tolerate cold climates and must be protected when taken outside.

Chihuahua Activity

The Chihuahua is an excellent apartment or condominium dweller. The majority of their exercise needs can be met indoors with toys or play sessions. However, they greatly enjoy going with their owners and benefit from daily walks. Using a harness is recommended instead of a leash is best given their delicate neck and bone structure.

Chihuahua Health and Life Expectancy

The lifespan of the Chihuahua is around 15-18 years, making him one of the longer life breeds. There are some health problems and disorders associated with this breed and these include luxating patella, entropion, heart problems, trachea problems, low blood sugar, dental problems, sensitivity to chemicals and medications, and open fontanel. These small dogs have very fragile bones, and owners should take care to ensure that he is not treated roughly or dropped, as this could lead to injury - this is why the breed is best suited to gentler children. The protruding eyes of these dogs also need to be taken into consideration, as they could be easily damaged. Take care not to inadvertently harm the dog's eyes through rough treatment or kicking, and keep an eye out for any infections. The parents of the Chihuahua puppy should have OFA and CERF certificates.