Saint Bernard Dog Breed Information

  • AKA:St. Bernhardshund, Alpine Mastiff
  • Size:Giant
  • Ease of Training:Low/Medium
  • Grooming:Low
  • Shedding:Medium/High
  • Exercise Needed:Daily Walk
  • Energy Level:Low/Medium
  • Protection:Medium
  • Good with Children:Yes, early socialization recommended
  • Health Clearances:OFA
  • Weight:120-200 lbs
  • Height:Male: 27.5; Female: 25 inches
  • Coat Colour:White with red, red or brindle with white; white must appear on chest, feet, tail tip, noseband, and collar (or spot on nape); may have dark mask

Saint Bernard Coat

The Saint Bernard breed has two different coat varieties: the smooth or shorthaired, and the rough or longhaired. Both varieties of coat are extremely dense in texture and are water resistant. The coat of the Saint Bernard is typically white with tan, red, mahogany, black or brindle markings in various combinations. They are heavy shedders.

Saint Bernard Character

The Saint Bernard is extremely loyal and friendly. They are powerful and muscular but never ill natured. They are faithful, highly intelligent, and unassuming. The Saint Bernard is imposing in size but displays a mellow and benevolent demeanor.

Saint Bernard Temperament

The Saint Bernard has a somewhat sorrowful expression, but is actually very good-natured. They are excellent with children and other animals. They have a protective instinct for their family and make excellent watchdogs. They are sensible and loving and make a great family pet. They may display stubbornness, so owners must be very patient. They thrive on high amounts of love and attention. The Saint Bernard is prone to anxiety if left alone for extended periods of time and may destroy their owner's home and belongings.

Saint Bernard Care

The Saint Bernard's coat is shed twice a year. They require daily brushing with a firm bristle brush to keep hair around the home down to a minimal amount. Bathing should only be done when necessary using a mild shampoo to avoid stripping the coat of its essential oils. Their eyes and ears must be checked and cleaned regularly to keep them free of irritants. The Saint Bernard is prone to such health issues as wobbler syndrome, heart problems, skin disorders, and bloating. They have no tolerance for hot weather.

Saint Bernard Activity

The Saint Bernard requires a moderate amount of outdoor exercise. It is important they do not become over-heated. They enjoy daily walks and play sessions. They are suitable for apartment living provided they are given frequent walks. They will enjoy a yard of any size but it must be securely fenced.

Saint Bernard Health and Life Expectancy

As a giant dog, the Saint Bernard has a fairly low life expectancy of around 8-9 years. There are also a number of health problems to look out for with this breed, and this includes ectropion, entropion, heart defects, cancer, bloat, epilepsy, HD, and OCD. The parents of the Saint Bernard puppy should have OFA certificates.